May 3, 10, 17, 24, 31, June 7
Instructor(s): Glenn Markus
Despite recent advances in historical and archaeological research, the story of the Phoenicians remains an elusive one. The broad geographical spread of their civilization, which extended throughout the Mediterranean basis and beyond, makes any synthesis of the subject difficult. The problem is further compounded by the paucity of written and archaeological evidence in ancient Phoenicia. With only future exceptions, none of the primary Phoenician coastal sites has been systematically excavated below Roman-period occupational levels. The course examines the Canaanite pre-historical period from about 13th century BC emergence of the earliest Phoenician culture through the destruction of that culture by the middle of second century BC.
Anthropology: Cowboys, Indians, and Outlaws; Oh My!
May 15, 22, June 5, 12, 19, 26, July 10, 17, 24, 31, August 7, 14
Instructor(s): Annebel Lewis
The open plains and rugged mountains of the west are the backdrop for a rich tapestry of myth, legend, and folk tale. It is a mythology that rises out of the earth where the mountains feud over a beautiful maiden in a magical world peopled by four legs, two legs, and no legs. The West gives us a distinct mythology and folklore as well as legends of cowboys, shootists, and gamblers. Western legends tell us of semi-historical heroes and baddies. They often deal with real people and real events. The lies are the biggest and most unbelievable in the world. They created culture heroes and a history turned upside down. Coyote creates the cowboy out of spare parts, Hollywood then makes the cowboy a legendary figure, and Pecos Bill becomes part of the fabric of our American imaginations. They are an inerasable part of our folklore. We will revisit our Saturday Matinee childhood with a Lash LaRue movie. Recommended readings include Cowboy Culture by David Dary; Roughing It by Mark Twain; American Indian Myth and Legends by Richard Erdoes and Alfonso Ortiz; and Legends and Tales of the American West by Richard Erdoes.
The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
Instructor(s): Hans Oppe
The most visible, most powerful symbol of the divided Germany during the Cold War was the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall, built 1961, completely enclosed West Berlin, separating it from East Germany. The instructor lived on both sides of The Wall.
Tuesday HS172089 *$30
May 16, June 6, July 18, August 15
Instructor(s): Bob Ferguson
Each year the Great Decisions editorial board (Foreign Policy Association) selects eight topics for review and discussion. This course offers an opportunity for this class to discuss these topics and see a video on each subject. Since we meet once a month, the instructor will also share information on some other topics related to global affairs. During the summer session we plan to cover: May - Saudi Arabia; June - Geopolitics of Energy; July - Canada and Mexico; August - Foreign relations of the Trump administration. The first two topics are covered in the book, and the last two will be covered by the instructor. Purchase of the book through LLI is optional, and payment is due at registration.
Flying Squirrels Baseball: A Word from Parney
Instructor(s): Todd "Parney" Parnell
Todd "Parney" Parnell serves as the Vice President and Chief Operating Officer for the Richmond Flying Squirrels, the Double-A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants. In that role, he oversees all aspects of the Flying Squirrels' day-to-day operations in Richmond. In this class, he will share all about the Richmond Flying Squirrels, what the team does, how they're involved in the community and how they fit into the city of Richmond. He has also invited members of LLI for a special tour of the stadium and clubhouse on Friday, May 19th. See SE172088 for details and register separately for the local trip!
Eppington Plantation: Unlocking the Mysteries
Instructor(s): Bryan Truzzie
Eppington is a historic plantation house located near Winterpock, Chesterfield County, Virginia. This course will focus on the history of Eppington Plantation, built in 1770, and the Eppes family who built the house. We will focus on the close friendship of Francis Eppes VI and Thomas Jefferson, examine the unique architecture of the house and address plans for future development of the site.
Instructor(s): Fred Nelson
Each class begins with a short introduction by the moderator, who will suggest current event topics of international, national, state, and local importance. Students will determine the choice of topics for a round-table discussion in which everyone's viewpoint is important and during which differing opinions are always respected.
Thomas Jefferson: A Life of Contradictions
May 30, June 6, 13, 20, 27, July 11, 18, 25
Instructor(s): Shep Smith
Historians are still trying to understand Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson often said or wrote one way and lived a different way. He wrote that "all men are created equal," yet during his lifetime he owned and sold slaves. He did not believe that all men or women were equal and was a racist and sexist. Jefferson opposed political parties but started the first political party in the U.S. He disliked executive power, but was chief executive of Virginia and the U.S. He was a strict constructionist but purchased the Louisiana Territory. Let's try to find Jefferson among the contradictions.
Titan II, the Awesome Power during the Cold War
Instructor(s): Hans Oppe
Hans Oppe serves as a docent for the Titan Missile Museum, a historical landmark, in Arizona. He will talk about the most powerful Intercontinental Ballistic Missile America ever built.
Confederate Monuments: What Are We Supposed to Do With Them?
Instructor(s): Waite Rawls
There have been great debates in Richmond and elsewhere about the Confederate monuments, ranging from "tear 'em down" to "leave 'em alone." This class will cover an overview of the debates and leave good time for discussion in the group.
James Madison's View of the Bill of Rights
Instructor(s): Gary Porter
James Madison is often called the "Father of the Constitution," a label he argued was not rightfully his, the document being the work of "many heads and many hands." His other common label, "Father of the Bill of Rights," is different. Without Madison's election to the First Congress in 1789, it is unlikely we would have ever seen a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution. Yet, Madison himself was not initially a proponent of a statement of rights. Come learn about Madison's initial reservations over a Bill of Rights and what eventually changed his mind on the matter. Madison's concerns are playing out today and should be understood by every American. Richard Labunski's "James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights" will be helpful preparation, but is not required.
Maymont Mansion: Richmond's Own Downton Abbey
Instructor(s): Hilliary Turner
This lecture will focus on the history of the Maymont Mansion, the Gilded Age in Richmond and the Dooley family. The instructor will also provide a virtual tour of Maymont Mansion.
The History of the British Royal Family and Queen Elizabeth
July 5, 12, 19, 26, August 2
Instructor(s): Martin Fisher
This five-lecture course will give the audience an understanding of the genesis, evolution and whole operation of the Royal Family as well as some insights into British culture, speech, way of life, heraldry, education, and seriously-up market real estate. It starts with the Saxons of 837AD and rapidly brings you to 1952 and the start of the longest reign by any monarch ever (65 years and counting), that of Queen Elizabeth II. We will look at the factors that shaped Elizabeth's ascension and discuss her challenges as a female monarch with the Commonwealth disintegrating. We will then work our way through the horrendous marriages of three of her children and the death of Diana. Next, we will look at the most positive, and probably the Queen's happiest, period with the ascension of William and Harry onto the world's stage and end with a look at all the impacts of what will be one of, if not the, biggest event of the 21st Century, the succession to the Queen.
Adolf Hitler’s Affairs and Death
Instructor(s): Kenneth D. Alford
Few stories are better known or more poorly documented than that of the women seduced by Adolf Hitler and his final days in a Berlin Bunker. Only two women had emerged with any clarity from Adolf Hitler's shadowy private life: his youthful niece, Geli Raubal, and Eva Braun. Both died violent deaths at their own hands as did four others. Popular imagination the world over has been quick to seize on the macabre details of those affairs and the last days in the bunker in flaming Berlin, where a mad genius cringed in the rain of Soviet artillery and felt the walls of his terrible world closing in upon him. This course will cover the suicide of his scheming henchman, the defection of those who fattened on the blood he had spilled, the last-minute marriage with his blowzy mistress Eva Braun, the suicide pact they made together, and the final dispatch of their bodies to Valhalla in the flames of a funeral pyre wrote a tawdry Wagnerian finish to this evil story.
Alexander Cassatt and the Founding of a Virginia Town
Instructor(s): Patricia Parsons
Alexander Cassatt was the brother of the impressionist artist, Mary Cassatt. He is remembered for his engineering genius, and, as President of the Pennsylvania Railroad, for the erection of the stunning Pennsylvania Station, now demolished. This course primarily focus on the years 1882-1884 when he undertook a successful project to connect the isolated Eastern Shore of Virginia to the great port of Norfolk by rail and ferry. The project was privately financed by himself and Pennsylvania congressman, William L. Scott. It included the establishment of the town of Cape Charles. The instructor will also explore Alexander's relationship with his sister, Mary, who moved to France to pursue her career as an artist at age 22, and how his yearly visits to Mary in Paris influenced his later work.
Nightingales of the South
Instructor(s): Kelly Hancock
During the American Civil War, woman defied social convention and volunteered by the thousands to serve as nurses in both the North and the South. This course explores the experiences of two of those women— Phoebe Yates Pember, chief matron of Hospital # 2 at Chimborazo, and Sally Tompkins, matron of Robertson Hospital.______________________________